Toews Parrot Place
Breeder's of Eclectus Parrots,
Timneh African Grey, Great Billed
Parrot, Cape Parrot
No Pellets...Is it
Better for Your Bird?
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Eclectus LOVE pomegranates!!!
November is the time of year to find them
in your local grocery store. They are red and larger than a apple.
They are a fruit. Just cut them up and serve.
To freeze them, separate all the little
red seeds and put them into freezer bags. This way we are able to
feed pomegranates year round.
Pomegranates are considered to be
anti-viral as well as have many nutritional benefits such as:
399 mg. Potassium
12 mg. Phosphorus
6 mg. Vitamin C
5 mg. Calcium
5 mg. Sodium
2 mg. Magnesium
.5 mg. Iron
Trace of Vitamin A
Eclectus Parrots Diet
Fresh Veggies & Fruit.
(red, green, orange fruits & veggies).
Mix at least 15 different types each morning.
I cut up a bunch and refrigerate for 3 days.
NOT avocado or rhubarb.
Corn on the cob is once a
week, more if breeding. These
can be frozen raw and then used throughout the year.
Bean soup mix
All types of
Corn (on the cob)
Flax Seed, ground
Hemp Seed Meal
Mung Bean Sprouts
Pear/ Nashi pear
shell Pumpkin w/seeds
Whatever is in
bean/veggie mix: (see recipes)
We use a cooked bean/veggie mix for protein. You could also do
legumes, well cooked meat & bones, fish, chicken, or hard-boiled
eggs with shells. They do
not need much protein – feed sparingly.
(¼ egg once a week for a pair is plenty).
Sprinkle with a calcium-phosphorus and vitamin A & D supplement if
your birds are housed indoors and
you do not feed pellets.
30 % Soaked,
Sprouted or Dry Seeds:
% Soaked, Sprouted or Dry Seeds: Preferably
sprouted because sprouts are nutritionally superior. For information on
sprout nutrition see
Sprout People. We add sunflower seeds and mung beans to our
sprout mix as well as a spicy lentil seed mix and fenugreek seeds.
See sprout mixes.
Small Parrot Mix: (give
½ cup every second day)
Pellets. Substitute for
the seed mix. Pellets are a
good weaning food. We do
not recommend feeding adult Eclectus pellets.
* If you do give pellets
feed no more than 9 pieces (pellets) per day.
Please use Harrisons or Roudybush as these are the two our vet
would recommend at this time.
your bird is housed indoors supplement with a good calcium, phosphorus,
vitamin A & D supplement.
This is only if you do not give pellets.
Lighting. Also, if your
bird is housed indoors please provide UV lighting for your bird.
The glass in windows blocks out the UV rays in the sun’s light.
The birds need these to be able to digest calcium and other
DIET PLAN FOR ECLECTUS (NO PELLETS)
HERE IS A SUMMARY OF DIET GUIDELINES
FOR FEEDING ECLECTUS: based on my observations and experiences of
keeping and raising eclectus at "OUT OF THE BLUE"...
with a very special 'Thank you' to my
eclectus angel flock, Roza, Vairdee and Tosca, who taught me so much
while they graced me with their lives.
AMOUNTS SUGGESTED ARE APPROXIMATE FOR A SINGLE
|One Heaping TBSP of Freshly
Prepared Sprouts (all of my birds without exception eat
every single sprout I give them and it is the first food to be
eaten...it is a living food). My sprout mixes vary but
ALWAYS contain sunflower seeds and mung beans...which are both
outstanding sources of lecithin (a key building block of cell
membranes; without it, they would harden. Lecithin
protects cells from oxidation and is also a fat emulsifier)...
Pumpkin seeds are also most often included. For
|One Heaping TBSP of Chopped
Fresh Veggies. I choose groups of five or more and run
them through the processor until they are chopped. Some
typical groupings that I offer...no reason other than they are
fresh and available:
|Broccoli stem peeled, peas in edible pods,
swiss chard leaf and stem, red pepper flesh...seeds served
whole, raw carrot.
|Celery stalk with leaves, fresh green
beans, salad mix with a variety of greens, raw butternut
squash...seeds set aside to add whole.
|Zucchini, peas in edible pods, baby bok
choy with flowers, bit of raw carrot, several raw green
beans, sprig or two of parsley.
When they are available you can also offer
edible flowers...broccoli going to flower is great, rapa rapinni
is an Italian green that flowers. Use only flowers you
know to be edible...ask if you don't know.
Other choices for greens include dandelion,
kale, collard, romaine lettuce... vary the offerings and you can
even offer individual leaves intact woven in the cage bars
during the day.
I seldom feed corn in any form to my eclectus.
They enjoy small amounts of frozen organic corn thawed or corn
on the cob when it is seasonal. I have never put it in my
The above items are mixed together in a bowl
with a good squirt of ORGANIC APPLE CIDER VINEGAR (or lemon
juice, or orange juice).
To each dish I include additionally...
|One Tsp (equivalent) of FRUIT.
One fruit is a berry and the other is not. As an example
this morning mine had blueberries and fresh mango slice. I
do not offer dried fruit unless I have dried it myself.
Too many chemicals are used in the process mainly sulphur and
often they are sugared as well.
Excellent fruit choices for eclectus are in
BERRIES: raspberries, blueberries, black berries, black
and red currants, etc. I only use strawberries if they are
organic or I have grown them myself.
papaya (both with seeds...eclectus love seedy fruit!), grape
with seeds, apple, pear, mango, banana... (again choose organic
or don't feed), guava, ...and this is just listing what I can
get. There may be other fruits available where you
live that you could offer. DO NOT feed avocado.
Graham Taylor who has studied and observed
eclectus in the wild in northern Australia says that they are
fruit eaters and consequently he feeds his captive flock a large
portion of their diet as fresh and also local fruit.
On top of the veggie/sprout mix I add the
following source(s) of essential fatty acids nearly every day...
|1/4 Tsp of FLAXSEED MEAL
over this meal for its healthy fats. Flax is very high in
Omega 3 fatty acids which are NOT found in any cooked or
processed food including all pellets.
Just lately (winter months) I have been
offering a scant 1/16 tsp. of UDO OIL, a balanced source of
essential fatty acids in place of the flax meal. You could
also substitute about 1/4 tsp. of HEMP SEED MEAL instead of the
Flax Seed Meal. Hemp is also a balanced source of
essential fatty acids.
If you like to use all of these sources of
Omega fatty acids they can be alternated throughout the week.
Please note that ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS (EFA's),
especially the Omega 3's ARE ESSENTIAL...NOT OPTIONAL...COMBINED
WITH THE NATURALLY OCCURRING VITAMIN E IN DARK GREEN LEAFY
VEGETABLES, NUTS, SEEDS, LEGUMES AND WHOLE GRAINS, ESSENTIAL
FATTY ACIDS KEEP TE BLOOD THIN AND LOWER LOW DENSITY
LIPOPROTEINS (LDL's) the major transporter of cholesterol in the
blood stream and likely the culprit that deposits cholesterol in
the arteries. See bottom of the page for more information
|I add the following for each
eclectus twice a week:
|Calcium/magnesium/Vitamin D supplement...
1/2 capsule of the Solaray Calcium/Magnesium/Vitamin D3
|1/4 tsp. of SuperAbsorbeze from Nature's
Life (no more than twice a week unless a hen is laying and
then only daily after she has laid, for an incubation period
of 30 days).|
Throughout the week I offer the following
natural supplements in rotation. These "green"
supplements can be given every day.
|Alfalfa Powder (a pinch or 1/8 tsp. per
|Wheat Grass freeze dried (a pinch or 1/8
tsp. per bird)|
|Barley Grass (a pinch or 1/8 tsp. per bird)|
MID DAY SNACK
|A little extra fruit such as a
slice of apple, a nut such as an almond or 1/4 a walnut in a
shell. Another is a fresh deep green leaf, or fresh twigs
with leaves and bark to strip (fresh willow branches are
abundant here ...and appreciated), a stick of celery, or a
skewer with fresh veggies/fruit.
AFTERNOON/EVENING MEAL (This meal is
Heaping TBSP of a Grain/Bean. In the evening I will
put on a combination of dry grain and a bean or legume to soak
for approx. twelve hours. I measure a cup of dry, let it
soak for the 10 - 12 hours, drain, and then cook for 20 minutes
with one cup of liquid... anything from water to home made
veggie or chicken stock. Once cooked (the liquid should be
absorbed) I freeze the extra amount putting just two days
feedings (evening meal) in the fridge.
are some combinations I use (all in equal proportions).
Note that I tend to use dry one part bean to two or most often
three parts 'other than' legumes or beans:
rice, quinoa, mung beans
oats, amaranth, chick peas, wild rice
millet, quinoa, lentils
doesn't matter what you put in. The variety is important,
as is the addition of a legume or pea to make a complete
the One TBSP of warm grain/bean mix I add:
TBSP of the Chopped Veggies from the morning and /or lightly
steamed orange veggie.
gently warm the grain mix and veggies in a little chicken stock,
water or veggie juice on the stove top using approximately one
part grain/bean mix to one part veggie mix. Sometimes the
veggie portion is higher than the grain mix in proportion.
I sometimes also add a little of the morning sprouts so they are
just warmed. About once or twice a week I offer corn
either frozen (thawed in the warm supper food) or fresh on the
cob...small amounts again. I will often go weeks without
giving it...some eclectus are very sensitive to corn and I would
avoid feeding it to an eclectus that is feather picking.
the warm mixture in the dishes I add 1/8 tsp. of organic RED
PALM OIL at least 5 days of the week. This is an excellent
source of beta carotene.
NO GLUTEN CONTAINING GRAINS are offered to my eclectus at any
time EIHER IN SPROUTS OR COOKED.
'no' list includes wheat in any form and rye. Very
occasionally they are offered a tiny piece of whole grain toast
but only to those that are healthy. My eclectus do not
receive any soya beans or soya products including tofu, and
yogurt made from soya beans. About once a week I do offer
the fresh soya beans called edame which are a huge favourite
here. I get them frozen and organic from the health food
store and thaw them out in the evenings warm grain/bean/veggie
pepper, a little chopped fresh ginger, or other 'condiments'
such as celery seed, fennel, cinnamon, turmeric or fresh garlic
may be added.
bean/grain/veggie mix is the majority of supper. To this I
add in rotation:
Tsp. of Protein...less is even better...think garnish!
feed 1/6 hard boiled egg with shell once a week. Plain
organic yogurt is served two to three times a week. Edame
is served once or twice a week. Wild salmon is served once
a week. The amounts of meat protein are very very
small...more like a garnish. Very occasionally I will
offer a tiny amount of free range organic chicken. Unless
you have an eclectus that is molting, egg laying and/or feeding
chicks you can reduce the animal protein even further.
Remember that varying grains and legumes in cooked mixes and
sprouts provide a vegetable protein source. I never give
red meat to my eclectus. It is full of saturated fat and
will elevate cholesterol.
the event that an eclectus has elevated cholesterol, I suggest
discontinuing all animal proteins including egg, and focusing on
vegetable proteins which are sufficient in this diet. Also
cooked foods such as birdie bread which may contain additional
oil/fat and egg should be avoided.
the event that your eclectus is on antibiotics I suggest BENEBAC
or another PROBIOTIC be given daily. Otherwise once a week
|A scant 1/2 Tsp. of budgie Seed
Mix (80% millet with no sunflower seeds...in my sprout mix
already...or safflower seed) and a little additional fruit.
If no nuts were given as treats during the day, I give each bird
one to two almonds or half a walnut in the shell with this
evening snack. The only 'nuts' I feed are almonds and
walnuts. Almonds are rich in the amino acid arginine and
contribute to the lowering of serum cholesterol levels.
They are also excellent sources of vitamin E. Omega 3 oil
is concentrated in walnuts and flax.
SOME ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON NATURAL
|I purchase Freeze Dried
Wheat Grass Juice. The brand I use is ADVANTAGE HEALTH
MATTERS. Another one is SWEET GRASS. This is an
excellent source of chlorophyll and I like to offer it when
fresh veggies from my garden or the local market are not
available and I am relying on frozen , and shipped/stored
veggies. I use about 1/2 - 1/2 the contents of the capsule
(capsules are the easiest to use and keep) for each bird.
Mine eat every morsel off their food before eating anything
else. It has a very sweet pleasant taste. Keep in
the fridge and sealed. GREEN MAGMA is an excellent barley
grass powder as is the same from ORGANIKA.
|Twice a week each
eclectus receives either 1/2 capsule of the Solaray
Calcium/Magnesium/Vit. D supplement or 1/4 tsp. of the
SuperAbsorbeeze from Nature's Life depending on which one I have
available. I do this more for the vitamin D supplement
than specifically for a source of calcium. I discontinue
this supplement when my birds can be outside on a regular basis
primarily in the late spring, summer and sometimes early
fall...about four months in all. All of my eclectus have
full spectrum light to extend daylight while they are indoors
throughout those months it is too cold to be outside.
|Here is a suggested
schedule for whole food supplements:
||Mon, Wed, Fri.
Wheat Grass, Barley Grass (1/8 tsp)
|Kelp each day a
||1/4 tsp divided
over 10 days
Please note: Do not give supplemental
kelp if feeding pellets that contain seaweeds such as kelp or
|I DON'T FEED ANY
PELLETS AT ALL WITH THIS DIET. IF YOU DO WANT TO FEED
PELLETS THEN I WOULD SUBSTITUTE THE SUPPER GRAIN/BEAN MIX WITH A
LIMITED AMOUNT OF PELLETS...NO MORE THAN 12 GRAMS FOR EACH
ECLECTUS...LESS FOR THE SOLOMONS.
|I have found that my
eclectus do best on a diet that is varied throughout the week,
and primarily uncooked. Having Zebedee who is allergic to
peanuts, most pellets are out of the questions. Even at
that I do not want my eclectus getting a daily steady diet of
any one food item, such as corn or soya beans or any of the
other ingredients that are in pellets. I also am of the
opinion that they do not need synthetic vitamin supplementation,
particularly the vitamin A (retinol) and vitamin D3 that pellets
contain, especially not every single day.
document was prepared during January, 2006.
To the best of my knowledge at this time it covers all of the
nutritional needs of an eclectus kept as a companion.
The diet is high in sprouts, fresh vegetables and fruit, with
limited amounts of animal proteins, and only carefully chosen fats for
their ‘essential’ and healthy impact on the functioning of the body.
The majority of the diet is raw and living.
Eliminations for feather picking parrots should be made according
to the diet recommendations for plucking parrots.
questions concerning this diet should be forwarded to Stefanja
at email address: email@example.com
Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) Supplementation Chart
information and guideline is provided by Shauna and Alicia of Feeding
chart is meant as a guideline for those who wish to know how to
supplement EFA’s correctly, but please don’t worry if you feed
sprouts and the amount of one of these ingredients is over what is
recommended for that day – we don’t expect you to sit there counting
out seeds every day! Use
only one choice from each column together (this will provide both omega
3 and omega 6, both of which are important), according to the weight of
the bird. For example if you decide to use Flax seed on a given
day, then you may choose pumpkin seeds or red palm oil from the other
column, or if you are feeding sprouted chia,
you could offer a piece of walnut or sesame seeds from the other
column. Try to alternate
your choices. That way you will know that your bird is receiving a good
amount of EFA’s overall in his diet.
1/4 - 1/3 tsp. up
to 500 g.
1/2 - 1 tsp. over
seeds up to 250 g.
seeds up to 500 g.
drop up to 500 g.
drops over 500 g.
seeds up to 500 g.
seeds up to 1000 g.
tsp. up to 500 g.
- 1 tps. over 500 g.
- 1/3 tsp up to 500 g.
- 1 tsp. over 500 g.
tsp. up to 250 g.
tsp. up to 500 g.
- 1/2 tsp. up to 1000 g.
tsp. up to 250 g.
tsp. up to 500 g.
tsp. up to 750 g.
tsp. up to 1000 g.
oils (high quality salmon oil)
could be used when a bird is ill but for normal, healthy birds, a tiny
piece of cooked, wild caught, deep water salmon once a week is
preferable, amounts as follows:
teaspoon up to 250g|
teaspoon up to 500g|
teaspoon up to 750g|
teaspoon over 750g|
Palm oil and
Palm kernel oil are two vastly different things – please note
which you are buying.
on link to learn how to sprout chia seeds (this
method can also be used for cress
– all seeds which become “gummy” (mucilaginous) when put
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Sprout Chia Seeds
For more information on nutrition and
your parrot check out the Feeding Feathers Yahoo group.
It's very important for your bird. Click
here to read more about it.